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What is biodynamic agriculture?

The biodynamic method of cultivation was first developed during the nineteen twenties as a reaction to the invention of artificial fertiliser. At the request of farmers, Rudolf Steiner held a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz around the time of Pentecost 1924, named ‘Agriculture Course: The Birth of the Biodynamic Method.’ (original title: Geisteswissenschaftliche Grundlagen zum Gedeihen der Landwirtschaft) which was seen as the foundation of biodynamic agriculture. Steiner saw the earth as an organism with connections between animals, plants, soil and the cosmos, from which foreign elements (such as chemicals) should be kept away.

Soil is the foundation in biodynamic agriculture: the structure and fertility is reinforced and built up by animal manure, compost, crop rotation and the use of preparations. The integrity of animals is central by allowing them to eat and move around according to their own nature. In order to reinforce the connection between humans and animals, plant and soil, a form of mixed farming is pursued.

Biodynamic food products can be identified in the shop by the Demeter mark.

“I think it is very important that biodynamic farmers consider the soil to be a living organism. They know the value of soil and ensure it stays clean and pure. In this way they can see what nature is telling them, and can therefore continue building on the natural processes.”

Loes Gerritsen, donor of Stichting Grondbeheer

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